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Theology 101 (Lesson 3)
What is Wrong with the World? | Romans 5:12
“Therefore, just as sin entered the world through one man, and death through sin, so also death was passed on to all men, because all sinned.”
The concept of original sin teaches that all human beings are born with a sinful nature because of Adam's disobedience.
This means that we inherit Adam's sinfulness and are under the just penalty of God's good and holy law. For example, David writes in Psalm 51:5, "Surely I was sinful at birth, sinful from the time my mother conceived me."
The doctrine of original sin impacts our understanding of human nature, teaching us that human beings are fundamentally flawed and in need of redemption. This idea is in contrast to other worldviews that view human beings as inherently good and capable of self-improvement.
The doctrine of original sin has significant implications for our understanding of salvation.
It teaches us that in our fallen condition, we're unable to save ourselves and are in need of a Savior to rescue us.
This savior is Jesus, who, as our substitute, fulfilled the law in our place to earn us righteousness and died in our place to suffer the penalty of condemnation our sins deserved that we may be reconciled to God as forgiven, accepted, and beloved children.
Romans 5:18-19 says,
"Consequently, just as one trespass resulted in condemnation for all people, so also one righteous act resulted in justification and life for all people. For just as through the disobedience of the one man, the many were made sinners, so also through the obedience of the one man, the many will be made righteous."
Just as Adam's disobedience resulted in condemnation for all people, so Jesus' obedience on the cross resulted in justification and life for all people who trust in him as their sin bearer.
So, what’s wrong with the world?
I am and you are.
But the good news is there’s hope for sinners in Jesus, who reconciles sinners to God and promises one day to make all things new.
What does the idea of original sin tell us about what people are like from birth?
How is the belief in original sin different from other beliefs that think people are naturally good or can improve themselves?
Can you explain what Romans 5:18-19 means and how it connects to original sin and being saved?
How does the idea of original sin change how we think about being responsible for our actions?
Why is it so crucial to grasp a view of the human condition as it relates both to our sin in Adam and our redemption in Christ?
What effects might the belief in original sin have on the way we treat others and see the world?
Dear Heavenly Father,
We confess with humble hearts that sin is the root of every evil, from global conflicts to interpersonal conflict, and we are in desperate need of your grace and mercy.
Thank you for sending your son, Jesus, to be the solution to our human corruption.
Through his obedience, he made us righteous, and through his wounds, we are healed.
Teach us to be compassionate, understanding, and forgiving as we interact with those around us, knowing that we all share the same need for Your redemption.
With gratitude for your grace, we pray In Jesus' name. Amen.